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Profiling Casey
Written by Editor   
Monday, 22 September 2008 05:22
Article Index
Profiling Casey
Brace Character Profile
Addendum
All Pages

An note from the Editor: Introduction and Background

On Tuesday, July 15, 2008 at 8:44 PM Eastern, the Orange County Sheriff's Office received a call regarding a missing child. The caller, Cindy Anthony, stated that her granddaughter, Caylee Marie Anthony, had been missing for a month, that her daughter, Casey Marie Anthony stole her car on June 30, 2008 and that she "just got [the car] back from the impound" that day.[1] Less than an hour later, Cindy Anthony called back in near hysterics, claiming that her daughter finally admitted to her that Caylee had been abducted and that "There's something wrong. I found my daughter's car today and it smells like there's been a dead body in the damn car."[2] Per the Channel 13 news time line, the car had been towed the same day Casey Anthony allegedly stole her car.[3] WESH broke the news of the missing toddler on Wednesday, July 16, 2008.[4]

And thus began the veritable media circus, with cowboy bounty hunters,[5] high-profile attorneys,[6] and a parade of protesters and lookie-loos alike—including a bus full of nursing home residents.[7] Some simply drive by to gawk while others parade in front of the media's 'webcams'[8] to scream out expletive-laced epithets demanding Cindy and George "make" Casey tell them what really happened to Caylee. Not surprisingly, several altercations have erupted between protesters and the Anthonys.[9] With each new sordid detail—from non-existent jobs and nannies[10] [11] [12] to questions of donations and trust funds[13] to an insiders[14] point of view—this tragic drama-filled case has become the only game in town on true crime message boards across the internet.[15]

Still, some wonder... With over two thousand new missing children cases per day, what is it about this tragic case that has turned it into an overnight media sensation? Although a few feel that it is the so-called "missing pretty white girl's syndrome"[16] the totality of the case indicate otherwise. The most glaring (and obvious) reason involves a young mother who waited for 30 days before telling anyone that her 2-year-old daughter was missing. If Caylee were truly missing, some opine, "why did she wait so long?" In fact, it was Caylee's grandmother who called to report her missing. Moreover, a single 911 phone call where both Cindy and Casey spoke with the Orange County Sheriff's Office[17] exemplifies a stark disparity—an hysterical grandmother and an emotionless mother—that would be repeatedly played out in taped interviews and phone calls, and in the media in the days and weeks to follow. As various web sleuthers have scoured the internet, digging up a variety of posts and photos, and the Orange County Sheriff's Office releases documents and levels new charges against the young mother, a disturbing picture begins to emerge. One that cannot be ignored from a criminal psychology standpoint.

With this in mind, I asked Russell Smith—a regular contributor to our forensic psychology portal—if he had considered profiling Casey Anthony. I was, and am, curious what the BRACE Character Profile might reveal as it pertains to Casey's glaring contradictory presentation. By this, I am referring to photos and videos[18] which appear to indicate strong attachment between mother and child in contrast to the plethora of lies surrounding Caylee's disappearance. Additionally, while the taped phone calls between Casey and her family[19] suggest long-standing problems where family dynamics are concerned, Casey's presentation during the law enforcement interviews[20] [21] contain notable circumlocution and tangential verbalization that appears to go beyond and above standard "lying." If this impression is remotely accurate, what role might it play with regard to what happened to Caylee and more importantly, where she can be found? Perhaps the BRACE Character Profile will reveal some clues to this seemingly endless and tragic mystery. The following details Mr. Smith's findings.


BRACE Character Profile™


Name of Person Profiled: Casey Anthony, mother of Caylee Anthony, daughter of Cindy and George Anthony
Introduction by: Editor
Ratings and Analysis by: Russell L Smith, M.S., HSP-PA, NCP
Date of Analysis: 09/21/08. Addendum 09/22/08

STANDARD INFORMATION[22]

The underlying structure of the BRACE Character Profile™ is based on three prototypical character types (Type A, Type B, and Type C), which are each rated on a 5-point scale on eight Cognitive variables, eight Behavior variables, and eight Existential or Motivation variables. The basic graphic generated by a BRACE Character Profile™ represents the degree to which the rated individual's characteristic manner of thought, behavior, and motivation is similar to or different from each of the three prototypical character types. Once rated, the individual can be compared and contrasted with any previously rated individual, real or imagined, dead or alive (fictional characters, known serial killers, spies, domestic batterers, etc.) and with any other "prototypical" or archetype in the BRACE Character Profile™ database (DSM-IV-TR™ personality disorders,[23] DSM-III-R Sadistic Personality Disorder,[24] 40-point Hare PCL-R,[25] Asperger's Disorder, ADHD, etc.).

The input ratings for the BRACE Character Profile™ can be completed by anyone with basic reading skills and the ability to objectively rate statements about a well known or well conceptualized person or prototypical type. Consensus input ratings by two or more individuals increases the knowledge base and minimizes rating biases. However, one objective rater with good knowledge of the character being rated is sufficient. In the current case, the input ratings are based strictly on public record, primarily media reports, press releases and interviews. Consequently, the Casey Anthony character profiled is the character created by the media and the facts of the case that have been reported, all filtered through the mind of the rater.

In the final analysis, the BRACE Character Profile™ merely puts the image that is in the rater's mind into an objective and meaningful format, which can be shared and considered from many different angles, much like a hologram or a virtual reality tour of a house. The bits and pieces of information included in the input ratings are transformed into a virtual persona of the individual in the mind of the rater. This process is certainly affected by the knowledge base for input ratings, the objectivity and critical thinking skills of the rater, and the adherence of the rater to the BRACE Character Profile™ rating procedures, which are printed on the input form.

Casey Anthony's Basic BRACE Character Profile™ Graphic

Note: The A (black), B (red), and C (yellow) in the above chart and graphic corresponds to Type A, Type B, and Type C characteristics.

Analysis of Casey Anthony's Basic BRACE Character Profile™ Graphic

There is significant pathology in all three domains (Cognitive, Behavior, and Existential) and for all three character types (Type A, Type B and Type C). The overall profile and each domain is dominated by Type C characters, which reflects an extremely self-centered and self-justifying individual who is functionally possessed by the active pursuit of all types of pleasure and comfort, sacrificing others in the process, and the simultaneous avoidance of pain/discomfort, including personal and social responsibilities. This person's imagination is full of self-serving fantasies and she has an unbridled willingness to act-out the desires of her heart, all at the expense of others. The high Type B characteristics in the Cognitive domain indicate a preoccupation with matters of power and control, which in combination with the high Type A characteristics, indicate exceptionally poor judgment and an almost total disregard for consequences. This person wears cognitive blinders and others are valued only to the degree that they afford her some type of gain or the avoidance of undesired consequences.

The Behavior domain reflects a unrestrained level of acting-out (Type C) and very proactive competition with others for attention, control, and being on center stage. The acting-out is often dramatic, intrusive, manipulative, generally indifferent to others, and very likely to escalate until limits are externally imposed or personal resources are exhausted. Alcohol and other substance abuse are likely and the pleasure seeking will always exceed the pleasure found, leading to new excesses and related personal deficits, both physical and psychological. However, it is the social reinforcement and control that dominates, even to the degree that alcohol and drugs become secondary sources of pleasure/comfort and pain/discomfort avoidance.

Keeping in mind that the maximum score in any cell is 4.00 (core characteristic) and that a score of 2.00 (strongly characteristic) is significantly problematic, Cognitive Type A reveals the degree of cognitive dysfunction, regardless of type (psychiatric, brain trauma, mental retardation, underlying disease process, substance induced, etc.). Behavior Type B reveals the degree to which power and control issues are acted-out in violation of the rights of others, whether antisocial or indifferent, abuse or neglect, but particularly including force and violence whether direct or indirect. And, Existential Type C reveals the degree to which self-serving desires dominate motivation. Notice that all desires are acted-out (Behavior Type C) and there is a high level of related poor judgment (Behavior Type A), whether due to poor impulse control, a narrowed focus of attention, or simply a disregard for consequences.

Casey Anthony's basic graphic bordered by DSM-IV-TR™ Personality Disorders

Left Side GraphicsRight Side Graphics
301.0Paranoid (not a likely match)301.50Histrionic (likely match)
301.20Schizoid (not a likely match)301.81Narcissistic (likely match)
301.22Schizotypal (possible traits)301.82Avoidant (not a likely match)
301.7Antisocial (likely match)301.6Dependent (not a likely match)
301.83Borderline (possible traits)301.4Obsessive-Comp. (possible traits)

The BRACE Character Profile™ is designed to profile maladaptive patterns, even those that may be subthreshold. Visual Comparison of the basic BRACE Character Profile™ graphic with the ten DSM-IV-TR™ personality disorders can be used to help "rule-in" and "rule-out" various clusters of characteristics (see above), just to narrow the focus of an analysis. This is still a very gross level of analysis, but at times it is all that is needed. However, it is important to keep in mind that the BRACE Character Profile™ only profiles maladaptive characteristics and does not directly address any type clinical qualifiers or diagnoses. The BRACE Character Profile™ reflects maladaptive patterns --- characteristics of thought, behavior, and motivation --- it does not make clinical diagnoses. There are many potential clinical pathways to any cluster of cognitive-behavioral-existential characteristics. Consequently, such visual comparisons are generally more useful in ruling-out than ruling-in.

That said, the only visual comparisons that appear to share characteristics with Casey Anthony's basic profile are Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, and Narcissistic Personality Disorders. On the other hand, Schizoid, Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders can likely be ruled out. Schizotypal Personality Disorder may have some patterns that relate but it is unclear.

With this and other graphic comparisons, one must keep in mind that similar Type and similar Domain scores may be generated by different underlying structures. Bottom line is that a visual comparison of BRACE Character Profile™ graphics helps inform clinical opinion or the opinion of anyone familiar with the BRACE Character Profile™. Some alternatives can be ruled-out and others more seriously considered through a more detailed analysis of underlying variables and correlations. When a more sophisticated analysis is required, the ratings that make up each component part of the graphics can be correlated for direct comparison with any "prototypical type" or any other individual in the database. It is a quantum leap into the nature of the person rated.

BRACE Character Profile™ CORRELATION SUMMARY ANALYSIS AIDES

NOTE: A clinician using the BRACE Character Profile™ graphics and correlations for the DSM-IV-TR™ diagnostic categories will need to keep in mind that the DSM-IV-TR™ Personality Disorders are not equal in terms of the types of information used as a "diagnostic criteria" --- nor are they equal in terms of the number of available criteria that must be met in order for a diagnosis to be made --- nor are they equal in terms of the number and types of other qualifiers which must be taken into consideration in order to make a diagnosis. DSM-IV-TR™ is a categorical classification, but all members of a diagnostic class are not homogeneous, class boundaries are not clear, and there is significant overlap between "classifications."

The BRACE Character Profile™ is a dimensional classification system which provides numerical and graphic information, which may be subthreashold, based on a quantification of core characteristics common to human nature. In fact, negative correlations provide as much clinical information as positive correlations.

The color coding used in a BRACE Character Profile™ correlation chart is somewhat like a traffic light:

  1. green is a GO for high positive correlation (.05 or higher).
  2. yellow is a CAUTION for a positive correlation which deserves consideration (.1 to .06).
  3. red is a STOP, which indicates a negative correlation of .1 or higher.

It is the combination of high correlations, both positive and negative, that yields the analysis. If one knows how a person thinks, what a person thinks about, what a person does, and what a person wants, then the person is 100% profiled. On the flip side, if one knows how a person does NOT think, what a person does NOT think about, what a person does NOT do, and what a person does NOT want, then the person is also 100% profiled.

Consider the ten personality disorders of DSM-IV-TR™. When there are several significant positive correlations and several significant negative correlations that consistently complement each other in terms of the functional characteristics, the individual profiled is well formulated and a high level of definition is provided by the stark contrasts.

NOTE: "Diagnostic Considerations" means exactly that ... consider ... and apply clinical and investigative skills. The correlations are indicators, but analysis requires consideration of known facts, other sources of information, and the analysis of each Type (A, B, and C) and each Domain (Cognitive, Behavior, and Existential). The BRACE Character Profile™ reflects maladaptive patterns --- characteristics of thought, behavior, and motivation --- it is not a psychological or psychiatric test, it is not restricted, and it does not presume to make clinical diagnoses. Again, there are many potential clinical pathways to any cluster of cognitive-behavioral-existential characteristics. That said, it can certainly be used by a clinician as well as a non-clinician to inform decision-making (see Disclaimer).[26]

The following charts, analysis aides, include correlations with prototypical profiles for the ten DSM-IV-TR™ Personality Disorders, a 40-point HARE PCL-R, and the DSM-IV-TR™ Asperger's Disorder, which is an Autism Spectrum Disorder. The 12 columns from left to right are: 301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder, 301.20 Schizoid Personality Disorder, 301.22 Schizotypal Personality Disorder, 301.7 Antisocial Personality Disorder, 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder, 301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder, 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 301.82 Avoidant Personality Disorder, 301.6 Dependent Personality Disorder, 301.4 Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, a prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R, and a prototypical 299.80 Asperger's Disorder.

The green and yellow color codes indicate statistically significant positive correlations. The red color codes indicate statistically significant negative correlations --- i.e., a marked absence of such characteristics.

OVERALL DIAGNOSTIC CONSIDERATIONS
Significant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank order
301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.64), 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.52), a prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = +0.44), 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.40), and traits of 299.80 Asperger's Disorder (r = +0.20).301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder (r = -0.36).

Analysis

In light of the absence of any overall positive correlation with the characteristics of Antisocial Personality Disorder, this combination reveals a level of narcissism that rises to Psychopathy. In combination with the fact that 1) there is no irrational thinking based on paranoid characteristics, 2) no perceptual distortions associated with Schizotypal characteristics, 3) power and control issues are not those associated with a Paranoid Personality Disorder, and 4) Histrionic characteristics exceed Narcissistic characteristics, this is the profile of a person prone to dramatic, uninhibited and dangerous acting-out. This person is independent, proactive, flexible and socially engaging. This is a person with characteristics consistent with a socially engaging Psychopath who motivated by social and interpersonal control, direct or indirect. The mild Asperger's characteristics are very likely secondary to a lack of regard for others and a high sense of interpersonal entitlement.

DOMAIN DYSFUNCTION
COGNITIVEBEHAVIOR

EXISTENTIAL

Significant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank orderSignificant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank orderSignificant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank order
301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.61), traits of 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.38), traits of 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.37), and traits of a prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = +0.35). 301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder (r = -0.39).301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.67), 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.44), and traits of 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.36).301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder (r = -0.53).301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.65), 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.64), a prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = +0.57), and traits of 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.35).301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder (r = -0.34).

Analysis

These findings are consistent with the analysis for the basic BRACE Character Profile graphic, but they do suggest that the Asperger's findings are incidental to other factors.

CHARACTER DYSFUNCTION
TYPE ATYPE BTYPE C
Significant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank orderSignificant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank orderSignificant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank order
A prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = +0.76), 301.38 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.67), Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.65), 301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.59), 301.22 Schizotypal Personality Disorder (r = +0.53), traits of 301.20 Schizoid Personality Disorder (r = +0.39), and traits of 299.80 Asperger’s Disorder (r = +0.34).None.301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.42) and traits of 301.7 Antisocial Personality Disorder (r = +0.35).None.A prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R psychopath (r = +0.77) and 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.39).None.

Analysis

The Type A characteristics reveal a pervasive dysfunction of judgment based on a distorted world view and a detachment from shared interpersonal relationships. There is a time-bound and situation-bound quality to life experiences and the present is pervasive. That is, the present is the only reality but always entirely undesirable, and the driving purpose of the present is any type of change. The Type B and C characteristics indicate dramatic and public methods combined with purely self-serving motives and deliberate indifference.

CHARACTER X DOMAIN DYSFUNCTION
DOMAINSTYPE ATYPE BTYPE C
Significant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank orderSignificant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank orderSignificant Positive Correlations in rank orderSignificant Negative Correlations in rank order
COGNITIVE301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.92), 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.88) and traits of 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.63).None. 301.7 Antisocial Personality Disorder (r = +0.96). None.

not computed

 

 

 

 

 

[all ratings of 4 with no standard deviation]

not computed

 

 

 

 

 

[all ratings of 4 with no standard deviation]

BEHAVIORA prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = +0.83) and traits of 301.20 None. Traits of 301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.67).None.

not computed

 

[all ratings of 4 with no standard deviation]

not computed

 

[all ratings of 4 with no standard deviation]

EXISTENTIAL301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.91), a prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = +0.80), 301.50 Histrionic Personality Disorder (r = +0.75), 301.82 Avoidant Personality Disorder (r = +0.71), and traits of 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder (r = +0.65).
None.None.
None.A prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R (r = + 1.00) and 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (r = +0.75).None.

Analysis

The most salient findings at this level of analysis are the very selective Cognitive Antisocial characteristics, the perfect Type C Existential match for a prototypical 40-point Hare PCL-R psychopath, and most particularly, the significant Type A Existential characteristics for Avoidant Personality Disorder. Such an atypical finding opens the door to deep underlying anxiety, which may index a Dissociative Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, some other anxiety based disorder or simply the criminal intent to hide the truth related to her daughter, Caylee.

SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS

Based on her BRACE Character Profile™, Casey Anthony is self-centered, self-justifying and self-promotional. It is all learned behavior, but there appears to be some type of memory dysfunction, not a matter of not knowing the difference between the truth and a lie, but rather not caring or not expecting to be caught or held responsible, perhaps aided by episodes of acute substance abuse. There is a semblance of confabulation and indifference to others or the truth, but there is something else.

There is an intentional quality to her indifference, a deliberate manipulation of others, a calculated purpose that affords her some type of personal reinforcement. Perhaps media coverage, perhaps the fame and fortune some are trying to cultivate through her, perhaps. In order to better understand Casey Anthony, her profile was correlated with several other profiles of characters (fictional and non-fictional) and prototypical types (serial killers, spies, etc.) already in the BRACE Character Profile™ database.

Casey Anthony correlates negatively with the DSM-III-R Sadistic Personality Disorder, but positively with the DSM-IV-TR Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. She correlates positively with secretive, manipulative types such as Jeffery Dahmer, John Wayne Gacy and Dennis Lynn Rader, but not with Joel Rifkin (Asperger's Disorder), Edmund Kemper III, or the sophisticated Dr. Hannibal Lecter. Asperger's Disorder is further ruled-out by a significant negative correlation with the infamous fictional character, Jason, from the Friday the 13th movie series. It is noteworthy that there is a significant positive correlation with the self-made media celebrity John Mark Karr and with the fictional character, Kia, of Jack Osborne's novella, BLOOD RED: Genesis of a Psychopath.[27]

The detailed graphics and correlations charts remain for others to do their own analyses.

Russell L. Smith
www.BRACEanalysis.com


Addendum

Editor: One thing that remains unaddressed, at least from a layperson's view (i.e., the people who will be reading this), is whether Casey murdered her daughter, as opposed to an accident or giving her to someone. While that is a pretty risky speculation, one could couch it, along with how she may have carried "it" out, in probabilities. Anyway, just a thought. What do you think?

Russell: Keeping in mind that this is pure speculation, the current findings certainly indicate that Casey is lying, and the current evidence as reported by LE indicates that Caylee is dead. We know that Casey engaged in high risk behaviors (e.g., alcohol and other substance abuse) and that she exposed Caylee to related high risk situations, such as allowing her to sleep in the same bed as she and her boyfriend(s). We also know that Casey is an exceptionally self-centered person who would be jealous of losing any attention to Caylee and who would begrudge the time and attention she had to provide Caylee. Unfortunately, I can imagine quite a few scenarios based on these general factors. Actually, until LE reported evidence of Caylee's death, I suspected an elaborate hoax by the Anthony family to defraud the public for monetary gains. I am still not convinced that it is not such a hoax that somehow got out of hand. For example, perhaps a staged kidnapping went bad when Casey got drunk and left Caylee in the trunk too long. Perhaps Casey simply left Caylee in a hot car too long while partying or passed-out. Given Casey's lifestyle and Caylee's exposure to it, I have no doubt that Caylee attracted the attention of pedophiles. There are any number of scenarios in which Caylee could have died at the hands of one or more pedophiles, and some related speculations will not be detailed here. Of course, there are some rather strange family dynamics that could lead most anywhere. Finally, given Casey's remarkably poor judgment and the level of self-centered anger she expressed in some of her phone calls, Caylee's death may have been a matter of a drunken Casey going into a narcissistic rage or simply deciding to make her own life easier.

Documents:
Case Files


Footnotes:
 

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